Covert surveillance reveals China Doll
Over summer my wife Lynda and I would sit in the small courtyard at the back of our home and soak up the evening warmth, making up for two years of deprivation in London (we experienced particularly miserable summers there) and winding down from our days of teaching and botanising, respectively.
We mourned the removal of a jacaranda from the property behind us (revealing far more of the neighbouring flats that we wished to see) and surveyed the landscape around us for more optimistic plant futures. One of these was a 10 metre high tree in our next door neighbour's back yard. It had dramatically elongated white flowers, a bit like a Trumpet Flower (Brugmansia) or Gardenia thunbergia if you know that one.
The flowers were just too far away to see the floral detail but it looked like the leaves of the tree were finely branched - pinnate. Over the weeks the flowers came and went, but more kept coming, and eventually long narrow seed pods were extruded from the spent blooms.
Armed with my telephoto lens I took these pictures one evening late in the season (mid-February) but as luck would have it there were no open flowers. I could see, and photograph, some buds so there were more to come. We guessed they might open at night given they were big and white, more suited to moths (maybe the famous hawk moths with their long 'tongues'?) and bats, rather than daytime fauna, and sure enough by the next morning there were some new flowers to photograph.
They were drooped and ragged by mid-afternoon of what turned out to be a 35 degree Celsius day but with more buds for tomorrow. It seemed to flower for many weeks.
Guessing at the family Bignoniaceae based on the pod I eventually tracked the species down to Radermachera sinica, a species that we have planted frequently in our southern China collection at the Royal Botanic Gardens (as well as near the lakeside toilets along from what is called the Taxodium Lawn). It grows naturally in southern and eastern Asia.
In Zambesia (the source of the on-line key I used to identify the genus and species) the China Doll Plant, as it is also known, is widely planted for its 'showy flowers'. Worldwide this species is perhaps better known as an indoor foliage plant, trading under the name of China Doll. In Melbourne it will grow outdoors in a sheltered spot, like my neighbour's backyard. (You may also find a compact cultivar of a related species from Yunnan, in southern China, called 'Summerscent', which has been hailed as a rival to Murraya.)
There are 17 accepted species of Radermachera, a genus named after Jacob C.M. Radermacher, an 18th century Dutchman who lived in Java. We have two species in the Royal Botanic Gardens, one specimen of Radermachera gigantea (with mauve flowers) in the fern gully and, as I know now, a southern China collection riddled with Radermachera sinica (with its white to soft yellow flowers).
So that's what it looked like in mid-February. Now, in mid-June, there only twisted seed pods, mostly open and with seeds dispersed. Here is a close up taken last weekend, on a day reminiscent of a summer's day in London. It's the last of my covert photography across the fence ... unless of course I spy something else botanically interesting.